Nursing Vocabulary Assistant - Suffixes

Table of Suffixes
Word
Example 1
Example 2
-algia The patient is experiencing neuralgia in her left lower extremity. Mastalgia is pain in the breast.
-cide A spermacide is used prior to intercourse to destroy or kill sperm.

Bactericide is an agent that destroys bacteria.

-cyte Leukocytes are white blood cells.

Monocyte is a large mononuclear leukocyte.

-ectomy Kathy had an appendectomy last week.

Anthony had craniectomy due to skull injuries.

-emia Anemia is the reduction in the number of circulating red blood cells.

Bacteremia is bacteria is in the blood.

-itis Arthritis is usually accompanied by pain, swelling, and changes in the joint structure.

Appendicitis is inflammation of the vermiform appendix.

-lithiasis Cholelithiasis is the presence of stones in the gallbladder.

Nephrolithiasis is the presence of calculi or stones in the kidney.

-lysis Hemolysis is the breakdown or destruction of red blood cells.

Mrs. Smith is going for hemodialysis this morning.

-megaly Cardiomegaly is the enlargement of the heart.

Hepatosplenomegaly is enlargement of the liver and spleen.

-oscopy A bronchoscopy is the examination of the bronchi using a special instrument.

Choledochoscopy is an endoscopic test of the gallbladder and common bile duct.

-otomy A laparotomy is the surgical opening of the abdomen.

Nephrolitotomy is an incision of a kidney for removal of kidney stones.

-oma A melanoma is a malignant, darkly pigmented mole or tumor of the skin. Glaucoma is a common eye disease.
-orrhaphy A herniorrhaphy is a surgical procedure for the repair of a hernia. Episiorrhaphy is suture of a lacerated perineum.
-osis Ketosis is a condition where there is a build up of ketones in the body. Cirrhosis is a chronic disease of the liver.
-ostomy A colostomy is a surgical opening where a portion of the colon is brought up and sutured on to the skin of the abdomen. Gastrostomy is surgical creation of a gastric fistula through the abdominal wall.
-pexy Mastopexy is a correction of a pendulous breast by surgical fixation and plastic surgery. Annexopexy is fixation of the fallopian tubes and ovary.
-philia Hemophilia is a hereditary blood disorder. Iodophilia are certain cells when stained especially show affinity for iodine.
-plasty Rhinoplasty is a fancy term for nasal reconstruction. Annuloplasty is plastic repair of a cardiac valve.
-plegia Quadriplegia is paralysis of all four extremities. Hemiplegia is paralysis of one side of the body.
-rhea Dysmennorrhea is a painful, heavy menstrual period. Peter is having diarrhea or loose stools.
-scope A scope is an instrument for a visual exam, for example, a microscope. A cytoscope is an instrument for interior examination of bladder and ureter.
-urea
Urea is the chief nitrogenous constituent of urine. Polyuria is the excessive secretion and discharge of urine.